Comprehensive Guide to Schedule 1 of the EPF Act: Industries Covered Under Mandatory Employee Provident Fund

This article delves into Schedule 1 of the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 (EPF Act), highlighting the specific industries mandated to provide Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) coverage to their employees. Understanding which industries fall under Schedule 1 is crucial for employers and employees alike, ensuring compliance with the EPF Act and access to valuable retirement benefits.

Industries Covered by Schedule 1:

The list encompasses a wide range of sectors, including:

  • Basic Materials: Cement, Iron and Steel, Paper, Textiles, Glass, Stoneware pipes, etc.
  • Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals: Fertilizers, Medical and pharmaceutical preparations, Soaps, Dyes, Inks, etc.
  • Food and Beverages: Edible oils, Sugar, Tea, Printing (excluding newspapers), Electrical porcelain insulators, etc.
  • Energy and Fuels: Electricity generation, transmission, and distribution, Petroleum and natural gas exploration and refining, etc.
  • Consumer Goods: Leather products, Stoneware jars, Crockery, Fruit and vegetable preservation industry, Cashewnut industry, Confectionery industry, etc.
  • Services: Automobile repairing and servicing, Rice/Flour/Dal milling, Starch industry, Aerated water industry, Paint and varnish industry, etc.
  • Miscellaneous: Tobacco industry, Paper products industry, Salt industry, Linoleum industry, Explosives industry, Jute bailing industry, etc.

Benefits of Understanding Schedule 1:

  • Employers: Ensuring compliance with the EPF Act, avoiding legal repercussions, and attracting and retaining talent by offering EPF benefits.
  • Employees: Access to a secure retirement corpus, life insurance coverage, and tax benefits through EPF contributions.


Shan is an expert on on Employees Provident Fund, Personal Finance, Law and Travel. He has over 8+ years of experience in writing about Personal Finance and anything that resonates with  ordinary citizens. His posts are backed by extensive research on the topics backed by solid proofs

You may also like...